Teodósio, M.A., A.B. Barbosa (Eds), (2020). In: Zooplankton Ecology, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 292 p., eBook ISBN 9781351021821. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781351021821

Teodósio, M.A., A.B. Barbosa

This book aims at providing students and researchers an advanced integrative overview on zooplankton ecology, covering marine and freshwater organisms, from microscopic phagotrophic protists, to macro-jellyfishes and active fish larvae. The first book section addresses zooplanktonic organisms and processes, the second section is devoted to zooplankton spatial and temporal distribution patterns and trophic dynamics, and the final section is dedicated to emergent methodological approaches (e.g., omics). Book chapters include comprehensive synthesis, observational and manipulative studies, and sediment-based analysis, a vibrant imprint of benthic-pelagic coupling and ecosystem connectivity. Most chapters also address the impacts of anticipated environmental changes (e.g., warming, acidification).


Bebianno, M. J., Rocha, T. L., Pontes, J. F., Amaral, A.C., Grenha A. (2020). Potential Ecotoxicological Risks of Nanopharmaceuticals in the Aquatic Environment. In: Yata,V. K., Ranjan, S., Dasgupta, N., Lichtfouse E. (Eds), Nanopharmaceuticals Principle

Bebianno, M. J., Rocha, T. L., Pontes, J. F., Amaral, A.C., Grenha A.

Nanopharmaceuticals Principles and Applications

Nanopharmaceuticals are an emerging innovative domain of research that integrates nanotechnology and biotechnology applications. This technological development will permit producing unique nanopharmaceutical compounds used in the medical field, particularly in drug delivery. This book chapter focuses on organic (polymeric and lipid nanoparticles, dendrimers) and inorganic (magnetic nanoparticles and quantum dots) materials used to produce nanopharmaceuticals with different characteristics such as size, structure, chemical composition, and behavior enabling their use in different fields, one of which the drug delivery systems. Within drug delivery systems, special emphasis is given to vesicular (liposomes) and nanoparticulate carriers as they are the most explored at the market level. The biotechnological development, main features, and examples of applications of some types of nanostructures are discussed. Moreover, data available on sources, pathways, and effects of nanopharmaceuticals in the aquatic environment are discussed, with special emphasis on the environmental impact of these nanopharmaceuticals to the aquatic environment. Results indicate that there is no standard protocol for ecotoxicological testing and limited information exists on environmental impact assessment of nanopharmaceuticals. Thus, human and environmental safety guidelines are urgently needed to protect both the human health and the environment.


Mills, L., Janeiro, J., Martins, F. (2020). The Effects of Sea Level Rise on Salinity and Tidal Flooding Patterns in the Guadiana Estuary. In: Jeon HY. (Eds.): Sustainable Development of Water and Environment. ICSDWE 2020. Environmental Science and Engine

Mills, L., Janeiro, J., Martins, F.

Sustainable Development of Water and Environment

Sea level rise is a worldwide concern as a high percentage of the population accommodate coastal areas. The focus of this study is the impact of sea level rise in the Guadiana Estuary, an estuary in the Iberian Peninsula formed at the interface of the Guadiana River and the Gulf of Cadiz. Estuaries will be impacted by sea level rise as these transitional environments host highly diverse and complex marine ecosystems. Major consequences of sea level rise are the intrusion of salt from the sea into fresh water and an increase in flooding area. As the physical, chemical and biological components of estuaries are sensitive to changes in salinity, the purpose of this study is to further evaluate salt intrusion in the Guadiana Estuary caused by sea level rise. Hydrodynamics of the Guadiana Estuary were simulated in a two-dimensional numerical model with the MOHID water modeling system. A previously developed hydrodynamic model was implemented to further examine the evolution of salinity transport in the estuary in response to sea level rise. Varying tidal amplitudes, freshwater discharge from the Guadiana River and bathymetries of the estuary were incorporated in the model to fully evaluate the impacts of sea level rise on salinity transport and flooding areas of the estuary. Results show an overall increase in salinity and land inundation in the estuary in response to sea level rise.


Bebianno, M. J., Garcia da Fonseca, T. (2020). Fate and Effects of Cytostatic Pharmaceuticals in the Marine Environment. In: Fate and Effects of Anticancer Drugs in the Environment, edited by Heath, E., Isidori, M., Kosjek, T., Filipic, M., Springer Inte

Bebianno, M. J., Garcia da Fonseca, T. 

Fate and Effects of Anticancer Drugs in the Environment 

Extensive efforts have been devoted to assessing the environmental fate, effects, and risks associated with the presence of pharmaceutical compounds in the marine environment. Higher standards of living combined with aging and the increase of the world population contribute to frequent and highly diverse needs for the use of pharmaceutical compounds. Therefore, inputs of these substances has begun to be detected in the marine environment. Their sources are hospital, industrial, and sewage effluents in which these compounds cannot be properly treated. Therefore, the substances reach the marine environment in their chemical form or metabolized, and their fate in the aquatic systems, after long-term exposure to organisms at environmentally relevant concentrations, should be assessed. One of the groups of these pharmaceutical compounds includes cytotoxic pharmaceuticals applied in chemotherapy. These compounds, although having mutagenic, genotoxic, and teratogenic properties, have received less attention in environmental risk assessment, despite the progressive enhancement of their use with the increase of cancer incidence in the human population. Cytotoxic drugs have variable chemical structures and are used to kill tumor cells or inhibit their proliferation by different modes of action (MoA). The aim of this chapter is to report data regarding acute and chronic responses of cytotoxic drugs on nontarget organisms. An integrative approach of molecular and cellular effects is reported as a result of single or mixture exposures to assess the ecotoxicological potential, synergistic, additive, and antagonist effects of these drugs in biological systems of nontarget species at realistic environmental concentrations. These data are integrated to contribute to the environmental risk assessment of these compounds in the marine environment. Furthermore, recommendations are made for suitable biological models to assess the ecotoxicological effects of these compounds in marine organisms.


Moura, D., Oliveira, S., Boski, T. (2020). The Algarve Southern Rocky Coast. In: Vieira, G., Zêzere, J.L., Mora, C. (Eds): Landforms and Landscapes of Portugal, Springer, ISBN 978-3-319-03640-3, 117-124. https://www.springer.com/gp/ book/9783319036403

Moura, D., Oliveira, S., Boski, T.

Landscapes and Landforms of Portugal

Landforms and Landscapes of Portugal brings together contributions from 47 authors, presenting a thorough overview of the main highlights of the landscape of Portugal’s mainland. The book, which is a tribute to Professor António de Brum Ferreira, first President of the Portuguese Association of Geomorphologists and former Professor at the University of Lisbon, is organized in five parts: a) Geomorphological setting, dynamics and hazards, b) Coasts, c) Mountains and valleys, d) Urban areas and e) The Portuguese UNESCO Geoparks. This is the first book ever to concentrate on the geomorphology of Portugal and is a benchmark for Portuguese geomorphology.

https://www.springer.com/gp/ book/9783319036403

Loureiro C., Ferreira, Ó. (2020). Mechanisms and timescales of beach rotation. In: Jackson, D. and Short A.D. (Eds.), Sandy Beach Morphodynamics, Elsevier, Chapter 24, 593-614, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-102927-5.00024-2

Loureiro C., Ferreira, Ó.

Sandy Beach Morphodynamics

In a simple definition, beach rotation is the opposing movement of the shoreline along the two ends of an embayed beach, driven by longshore and/or cross-shore sediment transport in response to seasonal or periodic changes in wave direction and/or gradients in wave energy. However, when considered in detail, the mechanisms, drivers and timescales of beach rotation are complex, resulting from non-linear interactions of cross-shore and alongshore hydrodynamic forcing, sediment transport and morphological change, developed over single or combined timescales that range from storm events to decadal rotation driven by climate-forced changes in wave conditions. In the context of global change, morphodynamic complexity of beach rotation processes is further compounded by rising sea levels and changes in wave climate, and impacted by artificial modification of beach environments along increasingly engineered coastlines. The spatial and temporal complexity of beach rotation mechanisms creates significant challenges to morphodynamic modelling and management of embayed beaches.


Aníbal, J. (2020). Brainstorming, sondagens e estórias. In: Jesus, S. (Ed.), Inovação e partilha pedagógica na UAlg. Faro: Universidade do Algarve Editora, Chapter 7, pp 49-51, ISBN 978-989-8859-96-9

Aníbal, J.

Inovação e partilha pedagógica na UAlg

Estratégias promotoras de aprendizagem ativa são uma caixa de ferramentas com uma ampla gama de aplicações e graus de complexidade. Algumas exigem mudanças profundas na estrutura do currículo e métodos de aprendizagem (e.g. “problem based learning” ou “flipped classroom”), outras são técnicas simples que levam apenas alguns minutos para serem preparadas e implementadas. Do último grupo, três estratégias de aprendizagem ativas podem ser facilmente executadas em praticamente todas as unidades curriculares, de qualquer curso de ensino superior: brainstorming, sondagens e estórias. Os objetivos dessas estratégias de aprendizagem são "acordar" os estudantes, integrá-los na sala de aula e fazê-los participar ativamente no processo de ensino-aprendizagem.


Didelet, F., Sena, V., Sequeira, C. (2020). Planeamento, técnicas e tendências da manutenção. Porto, Portugal. Engebook Editora. ISBN: 9789898927644

Didelet, F., Sena, V., Sequeira, C.

Planeamento, técnicas e tendências da manutenção

Este livro vem completar o conjunto iniciado pelos autores com a publicação, nesta mesma editora, das obras Fiabilidade e sua aplicação à Manutenção, e também Manutenção de Instalações Técnicas.
Pretende-se abordar alguns aspetos que não foram contemplados nesses trabalhos anteriores, com especial destaque para as técnicas de controlo de condição, e nomeadamente a medição e a análise de vibrações, e continuar a desenvolver aspetos gerais de gestão da manutenção, mas agora mais focados nos ativos.
O público alvo continua a ser constituído pelos quadros que exercem a sua atividade nesta área e os estudantes cujos cursos incluem a Manutenção como um dos vetores de estudo. Para uns e para outros pretendeu-se também deixar uma abertura final às novas tendências de desenvolvimento que são, no fundo, outros tantos desafios da Manutenção.

Sampath, D., Boski, T., Moura, D. (2020). Projections of Maximum Tidal Inundation Limits of Estuaries and Lagoons of the South Algarve, Forced by Mean Sea Level Rise: RCP8.5 Scenario. In: Monteiro J. et al. (Eds) INCREaSE 2019. INCREaSE 2019. Springer, C

Sampath, D., Boski, T., Moura, D. 


This book contains the proceedings of the INternational CongRess on Engineering and Sustainability in the XXI cEntury – INCREaSE 2019, which was held in Faro, Portugal, from October 09 to 11, 2019.

The book promotes a multidisciplinary approach to sustainable development, exploring a number of transversal challenges. Among other topics it discusses Climate Changes and Environmental Protection; Renewable Energy; Energy Efficiency in Buildings; Green Governance and Mobility; Water for Ecosystem and Society; Healthy Food; Sustainable Construction; and Sustainable Tourism, offering perspectives from civil, electronics, mechanical, and food engineering.


Rodrigues B., Borges R., Castro M., Constantino A., Raposo S. (2020). Chemical and Physical Pretreatments of Microalgal Biomass. In: Monteiro J. et al. (Eds) INCREaSE 2019. INCREaSE 2019. Springer, Cham. ISBN: 978-3-030-30937- 4; eBook ISBN: 978-3-030-30

Rodrigues B., Borges R., Castro M., Constantino A., Raposo S


Non-axenic microalga Chlorella sorokiniana was cultivated in batch cultures, and its total sugar composition was determined. The microalga under study showed a total sugar concentration of 21.44 ± 0.46% (w/w). The effects of freeze-drying, oven-drying, freezing and thawing, chemical and the combination of hydrothermal and chemical pretreatments were evaluated. In the combined pretreatment different concentrations of H2SO4 and reaction times were also optimized. It was possible to determine that the sugar extraction yields more significant were 59.5% for the lyophilization, 6.2% with 6 cycles of freeze and thawing and around 100% for 2 and 4% (v/v) of H2SO4 at 121 °C for 30 min. Some of the methods that were described in this study are interesting to facilitate cost-efficient conversion of microalgal biomass into biofuels.


Constantino A., Rodrigues B., Raposo S. (2020). Chemo-Enzymatic Saccharification Strategy of Microalgae Chlorella Sorokiniana. In: Monteiro J. et al. (Eds) INCREaSE 2019, INCREaSE 2019. Springer, Cham. ISBN 978-3-030-30937-4, eBook ISBN: 978-3-030-30938-1

Constantino A., Rodrigues B., Raposo S.


Biofuel production using microalgae attracted much attention because it can be cultured using CO2 and sunlight. With high carbohydrate content, microalgae have the potential to be used as a fermentation feedstock for bioethanol production. In present work, chemo-enzymatic saccharification of Chlorella sorokiniana microalgae were investigated. Chemical hydrolysis of the biomass followed by enzymatic hydrolysis and was also evaluated the effect of combining the two enzymes and the sequential addition. The effect of α-amylase concentrations was analyzed in ranged between 50 and 8000 U/g of biomass and for amyloglucosidase between 90 and 600 U/g of biomass. The higher concentrations showed the highest conversion of reducing sugars. The α-amylase concentration 8000 U/g of biomass presented a conversion of 43.06 ± 2.92% (w/w), while amyloglucosidase with 600 U/g of biomass obtained 76.57 ± 6.42% (w/w). The combination of two enzymes simultaneously was more efficient than the sequential addition for low enzyme concentrations (α-amylase 50 U/g and amyloglucosidase 90 U/g) with a total reducing sugar of 22.78 ± 3.06 and 16.92 ± 2.06% (w/w), respectively. On the other hand, using the higher enzymes concentrations, no difference was observed between the two addition strategies, 58.9 ± 3.55 and 57.05 ± 2.33% (w/w) for the sequential and simultaneous, respectively. Both strategies didn’t present advantage, since the amyloglucosidase enzyme alone produced slightly higher results. Even thought, the obtained results showed successfully performed saccharification of microalgal biomass and clearly point to microalgae use for saccharification and subsequent bioethanol production.


Figueiredo, M., Martins, C., Ribeiro, C., Rodrigues, J. (2020). MILAGE LEARN+: A Tool to Promote Autonomous Learning of Students in Higher Education. In: Monteiro J. et al. (Eds) INCREaSE 2019. INCREaSE 2019, Springer 354-363, ISBN 978- 3-030-30937-4, eBo

Figueiredo, M., Martins, C., Ribeiro, C., Rodrigues, J.


This paper presents the free MILAGE LEARN+ App for mobile devices and computers (iOS, Android, Windows and OSX) that allows students to access educational content in online, blended or flipped learning. This app is a tool to support students in the autonomous solving of problems implementing a pedagogical model that includes gamification, self and peer assessment.

In order to motivate and include all students, the MILAGE LEARN+ App incorporates gamification features with different levels of complexity of exercises to support students with greater difficulties in learning and also include more advanced students. Educational videos are available with tutorials and resolution of exercises to give immediate feedback to students.

The MILAGE LEARN+ App also includes a self and peer assessment scheme that aims to stimulate the student’s autonomous work, to revise content for the storage of knowledge in long-term memory and to identify key steps in the resolution of exercises.

This paper shows the application of the MILAGE LEARN+ in a class of “Introduction to Programming with Visual Basic” to students of Mechanical Engineering.


Madeira, H. T., Aníbal, J., Carvalho, L. F., Esteves, E., Veiga-Pires, C. (2020). Nitrate Reductase Activity in Green Macroalgae as an Environmental Indicator of Temperature and Salinity Changes and Its Implication for Climate Change Projections. In: Mont

Madeira, H. T., Aníbal, J., Carvalho, L. F., Esteves, E., Veiga-Pires, C. 


Temperature and salinity changes can affect nutrient assimilation dynamics in primary producers. Green macroalgae use nitrate as a main source of nitrogen for their metabolism. Nitrate needs to be reduced by nitrate reductase, before amino acids synthesis. Our aims were to study the effect of temperature and salinity changes on nitrate reductase activity (NRA) in Ulva rigida and Enteromorpha clathrata, and to assess if this enzyme can be used as an environmental indicator for changes in such abiotic factors. The study of NRA was carried out using potassium nitrate as substrate and propanol as a membrane permeabilizer, letting the produced nitrite to exit the macroalgae cells into the assay medium, allowing its quantification through a colorimetric method. This procedure was carried out at five temperatures (10, 20, 30, 35 and 40 °C) and three salinities of the assay medium (0, 15 and 36 g/kg). Results show that both Ulva and Enteromorpha have maximum NRA at salinities of 36 g/kg, although nitrate reduction can occur in freshwater or brackish water, but at significantly lower rates. NRA varied significantly with temperature for both macroalgae, although Ulva showed maximum NRA at 30 °C, while NRA peaked at 35 °C in Enteromorpha. Likely adequate models were tentatively fitted to NRA-temperature data at different salinities. NRA is a suitable proxy of the effects of temperature and salinity changes on the ability of green macroalgae to uptake and metabolize nitrogen nutrients and can thus be the base for macroalgae proliferation models under climate change model scenarios.


Monteiro, J., João Silva, A., Mortal, A., Aníbal, J., Moreira da Silva, M., Oliveira, M., Sousa, N. (Eds.) (2020). INCREaSE 2019, Proceedings of the 2nd International Congress on Engineering and Sustainability in the XXI Century. Cham, Springer Internatio

Monteiro, J., João Silva, A., Mortal, A., Aníbal, J., Moreira da Silva, M., Oliveira, M., Sousa, N.


Pulls together an interdisciplinary collection of chapter surveying the challenges posed by sustainability. Covers civil engineering, electronic engineering, food science and technology and mechanical engineering topics. Provides signposts to future research in sustainability.

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-30938-1


O CIMA é financiado pela Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) através da referência UIDP/00350/2020, com sede no Campus Universitário de Gambelas, Edifício 7,  8005-139 FARO PORTUGAL. Tel: 351 289 244 434, 351 289 800 100; E-mail: cima@ualg.pt (+ info)
O CIMA é financiado pela Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) através da referência UIDP/00350/2020, com sede no Campus Universitário de Gambelas, Edifício 7,  8005-139 FARO PORTUGAL. Tel: 351 289 244 434, 351 289 800 100; E-mail: cima@ualg.pt