Derabli, B., Nancib, A., Nancib, N., Aníbal, J., Raposo, S., Rodrigues, B., & Boudrant, J. (2022). Opuntia ficus indica waste as a cost effective carbon source for lactic acid production by Lactobacillus plantarum. Food Chemistry, 370, 131005
Derabli, B., Nancib, A., Nancib, N., Aníbal, J., Raposo, S., Rodrigues, B., & Boudrant, J.
Opuntia ficus indica (OFI) waste was evaluated as a fermentation feedstock for lactic acid production using Lactobacillus plantarum.Dilute acid pretreatment of the OFI cladodes (OFIC) was performed for extracting maximum fermentable sugars by optimizing process parameters using statistical optimization method. The best results were obtained with HCl 1% (v/v), temperature 120 °C, residence time 40 min, granulation 350 µm and substrate loading 5% (w/v), the sugar concentration reached 24 g/L with low concentration of hydroxymethylfurfural. The feasibility of producing lactic acid from OFI fruit peel (OFIFP) as a source of carbon was also investigated. Lactobacillus plantarum was shown to have a capacity for lactic acid production from OFIC350 (granulation 350 µm) hydrolysate and OFIFP extract without detoxification. The highest lactic acid yields of 0.46 and 0.78 g/g were obtained from enzymatic hydrolysate of pretreated OFIC350 and OFIFP extract, respectively.